On December 19, 2012 the President of Uzbekistan signed a Law "On introduction of changes and amendments to the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan", “On elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan" and "On the elections to the regional, district and city Kengashes (counciles) of people's deputies" in connection with the further provision of freedom of choice and the development of electoral law".
The document was adopted by the Legislative Chamber on November 1, 2012 and approved by the Senate on December 5 of current year.
Under the law, the election campaign - is an activity carried out during the election campaign and aimed at encouraging voters to vote for a candidate for deputy or political party.
The pre-election campaign begins from the date of registration of candidates for deputies by the Central election commission. Such norms are consolidated in law as no assumption of pre-election campaign not only on the day of election but the day before the vote. It is prohibited to held pre-election campaign accompanying granting voters free or concessional goods and services (except informational), as well as the payment of money.
The document defines the types, forms and methods to hold a pre-election campaign.
Thus, the election campaign is conducted in the form of extension of information about the program, and (or) the pre-election platform of a political party to vote for its candidates for deputy, as well as the dissemination of information about candidate for deputy with a call to vote for him.
The pre-election campaign may be hold in the form of public discussions, debates, press conferences, interviews, speeches, meetings of voters, placement of rolls about candidate for deputy, political party.
The pre-election campaign is made through the mass media, and television, information and telecommunications networks of common use (including the global information network Internet), through the issuance and distribution of print, visual, audio-visual and other electoral materials (posters, leaflets and other materials), through carrying out meetings with voters.
Candidates for deputies, political parties can use other types too, forms and methods of pre-election campaign which is not prohibited by law.
During the pre-election campaign candidates for deputies, political parties are provided equal access to the public mass media by providing them of the same airtime for free and print space.
In state mass media candidates for deputies, political parties can be allocated with airtime or print space on the base of payment.
At non-state mass media candidates for deputies, political parties can be allocated airtime or print space in accordance with the law.
Terms of payment for the air time, print space defined by the mass media involved in the election campaign, and other requirements must be equal and same for all candidates for deputies and political parties.
The information disseminated by the mass media, should be accurate, not to violate the rights and lawful interests of candidates for deputies and political parties. It is prohibited dissemination of false information and discrediting the honor and dignity of the candidates for deputies.
The order, volume and time of use of the mass media with aim of pre-election campaign is determined by the Central Election Commission in consultation with the political parties.
Political parties are given equal conditions for a smooth production and distribution of print, visual, audio-visual materials, phonograms, electronic versions of printed materials and other promotional materials. Campaign materials must be made in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Print, visual, audio-visual and other campaign materials must contain the name, address (post address) and other information about the legal entity (surname, name and patronymic name of the individual) who produce campaign materials, name of legal entity (last name, first name of individual) who ordered the campaign materials, the number, date of issue of campaign materials.
Pre-election campaign materials previously placed on buildings, structures, and other places are taken by public authorities in the field the day before the election.
Candidates for deputies, political parties also provided an equal condition for the pre-election campaign through holding meetings with voters.
Meetings with voters will be held by candidates for deputies, political parties themselves. Place and time of their execution, are generally consistent with the local election commissions, who will inform the voters about it.
Public authorities and business management, public authorities at places, social associations and self-government bodies are obliged to provide the candidates for deputies, political parties, special premises for meetings with voters, to obtain the necessary reference and informational materials.
A candidate for deputy or his authorized representatives have the right along with other candidates for deputies or by their trusted agents meet with voters or take part in meetings with voters, organized by other candidates for deputies and political parties.
Terms, the order and procedures of early voting are also defined by law. Thus a voter who is unable to be at their place of residence on the day of election, have the right to vote early.
Early voting begins ten days before the election and ends one day before the election. The time of the early voting is determined by the election commission of district and be informed to voters, observers, representatives of the mass media.
For the implementation of early voting the voter on the application, indicating the reasons for the absence on the day of election (vacation, business trip, traveling abroad, etc.) gets in the PEC (precinct election commission) at their residence electoral list. In the presence of at least two members of the precinct election commission voter signs the receipt of ballot papers in the list of voters.
The list of election is filled in a specially equipped booth for secret ballot. The voter makes a decision and leaves the completed ballot papers in a sealed envelope at the precinct election commission. Signatures of two members of the precinct election commission will be put in the place of bonding envelope, which will be confirmed by the seal of a commission and signature of the voter.
The form and procedure of production of the electoral list, and delivery times of ballot papers to polling stations will be established by the Central election commission.
Law is supplemented with the norm, according to which three days prior to a date of polling, and on the day of voting it is not permitted publication (promulgation) of the results of social opinion, forecasts of election results, and other research related to the ongoing elections, including their placement in information and telecommunication networks of general use, including global information network Internet.
In addition, the law provides the possibility of formation of polling stations in places of detention.
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