On 19th December of 2012 Tashkent hosted the fourth session of the "Discussion Club". The event was organized by the Center for Political Studies. This meeting of the "Discussion Club" was dedicated to the "Globalization and Civilization: the nature of the relationship".
Discussion Club - is a platform for building a professional dialogue between foreign and Uzbek experts, which becomes a kind of basis for the generation of new views and ideas that can make an impact, both on theoretical and on a practical level for the development of political and economic schools of Uzbekistan and promote it more wide entry into the global intellectual space.
The meeting was held with the participation of several specially invited leading international experts, such as: a member of the International Relations Committee of the Parliament of Iran, Tehran University professor Mehdi Sanai (Iran), Deputy Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, director of economic research prof. Alexander Akimov (Russia), Professor of School of International Relations after Elliott, University after George Washington Sergei Gretsky (USA), Deputy Director of the Institute of Central Asian Studies at the University of Shaanxi, Dr. Su Xiaoyu (China).
The event was also attended by representatives of ministries and departments, universities, research and analytical centers of Uzbekistan, as well as international organizations and diplomatic missions accredited in Tashkent.
The experts reviewed the relevant aspects of the processes of globalization, the complexity of their occurrence in the various cultures and civilizations of the spaces at the present stage. It was stated that globalization brings both opportunities and some challenges for the future. It was noted that the most positive effects of globalization comes to global technological and economic progress, while on the spiritual value level more markedly manifest contradictions. This, experts say, points to the stability of cultural and traditional context within a civilization.
By assumption of the experts, today is not so much a conflict between civilizations, as within individual civilizations themselves. Despite the fact that today a transition phase continues from modernist to postmodern era development within each society to varying degrees, there are elements of the traditionalist, modernist and postmodernist paradigms, which explains the observed internal conflict of values. It is noteworthy that such challenges are not unique to developing countries, but also for developed countries - engines of globalization processes.
According to experts, there is no need to expect some universal cultural syncretism. In favor of this thesis are examples of so-called "end of multiculturalism in Europe" and the gradual growth of nationalism in many European countries.
Quite interesting was the opinion of the dispersed distribution of wealth in the world as a prerequisite to the inevitable interaction between civilizations. In other words, the need for a civilization in a certain resource can be satisfied by the features of another civilization, and vice versa. The only thing there is a choice between cooperative and conflictual way of interaction.
The experts agreed that each civilization has its own concept of a global world, and attempts to impose external cultural values, standards of behavior are counterproductive. There are a number of universal principles of peaceful development, which can serve as an important basis for constructive dialogue among civilizations. A dialogue, according to experts, is the only way to overcome the current challenges and to ensure the development of civilizations.
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